Broadly speaking, we can study the past using texts and material culture. Documentary sources (texts) offer opinions and judgments of what people in the past thought, and are invaluable for studying historic periods. Material culture, on the other hand, provides an insight in what past societies did. Moreover, archaeology, the study of the past through material remains, provides the only approach to those societies without texts, as well as offering an important tool for the study of historic periods. This unit explains the major concepts, practices and methods of archaeology.